South America

Brazil lost 80 percent of coral reef in 50 years

Fish are seen swimming around coral formations on January 15, 2012, in Lady Elliot Island, Australia. 
Photo Mark Kolbe

By Jill Langlois - Global Post

A new report from the Federal University of Pernambuco and Brazil's Environment Ministry says the South American country has lost 80 percent of its coral reef in just the past 50 years.

According to EFE, the report blames abusive extraction and pollution from urban and industrial resources, as well as excessive fishing, for the destruction of the reef.

"Until the 1980s, there was much extraction to make lime in the country," said Professor Beatrice Padovani, who collected data since 2002 with her research group, EFE reported.

Padovani also noted that domestic, industrial and farm pollution were factors in creating sediment accumulation that has destroyed the reef systems.

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