Posts by treasures
Marine Salvage Research Consultant
Interests and hobbies:
Scuba diving, Marine Research, Historical archives, Shipwrecks
Favorite quote:
Marine Salvage Research Consultant, Pascal Kainic has been working in the field of historical shipwreck salvage and underwater archaeology since the 1980's. Diver and underwater photographer, he has specialized himself in shipwrecks archive research all over the world and possess a unique database of valuable cargoes still waiting to be recovered in every seas of the planet. He has participated in several major discoveries such as the wreck of the GENERAL ABBATUCCI, recovered in 1996 off Corsica by 2660 meters of water.

About the author

<p><em>LOST TREASURES OF THE SEVEN SEAS</em> is a guide to several resources on marine salvage written by Pascal Kainic.  <br /><br />This is a difficult topic to teach because archaeological ethics forbids the sale of archaeological artefacts while marine salvage is often driven by the prospect of selling artefacts. "Treasure hunting", as marine salvage is sometimes labelled, is a reality that archaeologists need to confront as well as a difficult topic to teach; this website may be very helpful to approach the topic with students. <br /><br />Section "underwater archaeology" presents techniques to preserve recovered artefacts and includes one link to an article against treasure hunting, which summarises the position of archaeologists. "Rules in the World" contains excerpts of legislation from several countries or links to depositories of legislative texts. Wrecks/Treasure Stories" contains a wealth of case studies. <br /><br />"Still secret...!" contains excerpts from written sources detailing the history and contents of localised sunken ships awaiting to be researched or salvaged. Teachers may use this section dividing students in two groups, one highlighting sentences on the wealth aboard the ships and one highlighting sentences on historical facts and then prompt a debate between "archaeologists" and "treasure hunters". "The World of Shipwrecks" publishes a list of sunken ships according to the monetary value of their cargoes; a list of questions helps in selecting ships for salvage and has educational value because it exposes the (unethical) reasons for the selection. <br /><br />Of some interest is also the news section containing news from current salvage projects as well as articles of researches bordering myths and legends. Stories centered on the sea are as old as mariners and treasure hunters often pursue what to many could appear as a story or dream. This website contains a collection of resources that can help in understanding why treasure hunting exists, and how the inflexible opposition of archaeologists coexists with irresolute laws (treasure hunting is lawful but constrained in many countries) and the inexhaustible attraction of economic profit. <br /><br />Teachers may use this website to prompt a debate and some pages (e.g. legislation) can help advanced students in preparing a more informed debate. Unsupervised students should instead steer clear of this website until they have a solid knowledge of archaeological practices because some contents express positions not compatible with archaeological ethics and practice. <br /><br />The website is only recommended to teachers for its educational value in presenting a delicate and actual issue: most contents on their own cannot be endorsed by the academic community. Quoted by Andrea Vianello from INTUTE -<br /><br />Pascal Kainic is also a member of the Société des Explorateurs Français (France) and The Explorer's Club (USA)<br /><br /></p>

Posts by treasures

Montenegro turns blind eye to deep-sea treasure hunters

Montenegro wreck

By Sinisa Lukovic - Balkan Insight

When the Austro-Hungarian cruiser Zenta, the first ship sunk in the First World War, plunged to the bottom of the Adriatic Sea near Petrovac, more than half of the ship’s crew went down with it.

When it set out from the port of Tivat, accompanying the destroyer Ulan on a mission to blockade the Montenegrin port of Bar, the cruiser was already a veteran vessel, pulled out of the reserves. Obsolete, slow and poorly armed, it was an antique among modern ships.

Zenta sank during a battle with the more powerful fleets of France and Britain on August 16, 1914 – and the site of the shipwreck lay undisturbed until divers discovered it in 2001.

Treasure hunters followed soon enough.

Dragan Gacevic, a well-known diver from Herceg Novi and author of the book and documentary TV series Montenegrin Undersea [Podmorje Crne Gore], told CIN-CG/BIRN that thieves soon got to work.

“It is unbelievable that in the meantime someone tried to steal the main compass from the command bridge of the Zenta. That wreck is 73 meters down, and a special gas mixture, the so called trimix, is needed to dive to such depths – which goes to show that these thieves are up for anything,” he said.

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