Posts by treasures
Marine Salvage Research Consultant
Interests and hobbies:
Scuba diving, Marine Research, Historical archives, Shipwrecks
Favorite quote:
Marine Salvage Research Consultant, Pascal Kainic has been working in the field of historical shipwreck salvage and underwater archaeology since the 1980's. Diver and underwater photographer, he has specialized himself in shipwrecks archive research all over the world and possess a unique database of valuable cargoes still waiting to be recovered in every seas of the planet. He has participated in several major discoveries such as the wreck of the GENERAL ABBATUCCI, recovered in 1996 off Corsica by 2660 meters of water.

About the author

<p><em>LOST TREASURES OF THE SEVEN SEAS</em> is a guide to several resources on marine salvage written by Pascal Kainic.  <br /><br />This is a difficult topic to teach because archaeological ethics forbids the sale of archaeological artefacts while marine salvage is often driven by the prospect of selling artefacts. "Treasure hunting", as marine salvage is sometimes labelled, is a reality that archaeologists need to confront as well as a difficult topic to teach; this website may be very helpful to approach the topic with students. <br /><br />Section "underwater archaeology" presents techniques to preserve recovered artefacts and includes one link to an article against treasure hunting, which summarises the position of archaeologists. "Rules in the World" contains excerpts of legislation from several countries or links to depositories of legislative texts. Wrecks/Treasure Stories" contains a wealth of case studies. <br /><br />"Still secret...!" contains excerpts from written sources detailing the history and contents of localised sunken ships awaiting to be researched or salvaged. Teachers may use this section dividing students in two groups, one highlighting sentences on the wealth aboard the ships and one highlighting sentences on historical facts and then prompt a debate between "archaeologists" and "treasure hunters". "The World of Shipwrecks" publishes a list of sunken ships according to the monetary value of their cargoes; a list of questions helps in selecting ships for salvage and has educational value because it exposes the (unethical) reasons for the selection. <br /><br />Of some interest is also the news section containing news from current salvage projects as well as articles of researches bordering myths and legends. Stories centered on the sea are as old as mariners and treasure hunters often pursue what to many could appear as a story or dream. This website contains a collection of resources that can help in understanding why treasure hunting exists, and how the inflexible opposition of archaeologists coexists with irresolute laws (treasure hunting is lawful but constrained in many countries) and the inexhaustible attraction of economic profit. <br /><br />Teachers may use this website to prompt a debate and some pages (e.g. legislation) can help advanced students in preparing a more informed debate. Unsupervised students should instead steer clear of this website until they have a solid knowledge of archaeological practices because some contents express positions not compatible with archaeological ethics and practice. <br /><br />The website is only recommended to teachers for its educational value in presenting a delicate and actual issue: most contents on their own cannot be endorsed by the academic community. Quoted by Andrea Vianello from INTUTE -<br /><br />Pascal Kainic is also a member of the Société des Explorateurs Français (France) and The Explorer's Club (USA)<br /><br /></p>

Posts by treasures

San Jose may hold the most valuable treasure lost at sea

Cannons of the San Jose

By Tom Hale - Iflscience

The seafloor of the Caribbean Sea looks like a pirate's idea of heaven.

Just off the coast of Colombia lies a shipwreck loaded with one of the most valuable hauls of treasure ever lost at sea, estimated to be worth up to $17 billion in today’s money. The wreck of the San José, often called the “holy grail of shipwrecks”, was first discovered off the coast of Colombia three years ago.

However, many details of this intriguing find have only just been released by the authorities. The Spanish galleon was sunk by a British squadron during the War of the Spanish Succession on June 8, 1708. Loaded with 62 guns and up to 600 crew, this colossal ship sank along with its vast treasure trove of gold, silver, and emeralds.

The ship was transporting the riches as part of the Spanish king's mission to loot the South American colonies to fund the costly 13-year-long war.

By no surprise, this booty meant that governments, treasure hunters, and researchers had been searching for the wreck for decades, until it was eventually discovered 600 meters (1,968 feet) beneath the waves by the Colombian Navy near Cartagena in 2015.

Over the past few years, the wreckage has since been explored by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) using sonar imaging and an autonomous underwater vehicle called REMUS 6000, which has captured numerous new photographs of the site. REMUS was also used to map and photograph the Titanic wreck site during a 2010 expedition and played a key role in the discovery of the wreck of the Air France 447 passenger plane in 2011.

Full story...